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XRP: Mapping the Future Path of Digital Assets

Hodor

Hodor

I blog about Ripple & XRP. FULL DISCLOSURE: All views are my own. I do not work for Ripple; I am not a professional financial analyst, and the majority of my crypto holdings are XRP.

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The next generation will take cryptocurrency for granted.  Isn’t that mind-bending?

What you and I regarded as one of the most astounding innovations – decentralized currency – they will regard as commonplace.   It’s happened before.   The current generation doesn’t know what it was like not to own a mobile phone.  They accept Facebook as an annoying application that their parents use to monitor their activities and friends.   What year did you learn what a drone was?   All of these are examples of technological marvels that the new generation regards as ordinary.

Time moves forward without exception, and it will reveal wonders that are currently unknown.

The crypto market is at its beginning stages, despite its relatively old age when it comes to technological trends.   The reason lies in the fact that its benefits are more subtle than other technological marvels.  Blockchain technology isn’t easy to implement, even if a large company has the will, manpower, and budget.   Even with massive resources, some blockchain projects are a herculean effort, and it takes time to develop in-house talent and experience.

And businesses – of all types – have a very dollars-and-cents mentality; if it doesn’t obviously and immediately save them money, they are much less likely to invest resources.

Even at the beginning of Internet adoption, it took years to convince even large companies to purchase a domain name and publish the simplest of static pages advertising their business.   And now it’s almost impossible to find even a small restaurant that doesn't have a fully-functioning website.

The same will be true of cryptocurrency.

Yes, the end of 2017 was a year when many investors went through a sudden realization of just how important cryptocurrency was, compared to other financial innovations, but it was just the tip of the iceberg.

There is one blockchain company that has the clearest and most accurate vision of the future path that cryptocurrency, regulation, and innovation will take; Ripple.   And XRP is the digital asset that is their uncontested, preferred medium of exchange for cross-border value transfer.

General Crypto News

Technode recently released an article that provided a glimpse into the features that would comprise major pieces of the TechCrunch Hangzhou event entitled “Witness the Rise of Decentralization.”

The article covered a variety of topics, including a description of how Ripple is using blockchain technology to transform worldwide money flows: 1

“What used to be an expensive and complicated headache is now a quick, reliable, and cost-effective process. For banks and international institutions, Ripple also offers XRP, a highly-scalable digital asset that drastically reduces costs and improves speed for high-volume transfers.”

Emi Yoshikawa

It’s a sharp introduction for Ripple, and the article went on to note that Ripple Director of Joint Partnerships, Emi Yoshikawa, would be present on the second day of the conference, July 3rd.

It’s exciting news, especially given that Ripple had announced plans as far back as 2017 for the building of a Chinese team for Ripple.

Bithumb Hack

According to several sources, Bithumb was the victim of a hack that managed to steal approximately $30 million in cryptocurrency.  Very few details have been released about the attack thus far, and while one news source 2 reported that XRP was among the cryptocurrencies targeted, that detail has yet to be confirmed officially, or by other news sources that have reported the story.3 4

Whatever the case, the theft is unwelcome news in the crypto market, especially given that Japan reacted to the Coincheck hack in January by implementing much more stringent regulatory procedures for exchange approval.5   While some additional regulation may be necessary, it’s not always the right response for government regulators to have a knee-jerk reaction to a theft.

We’ll have to wait for further details about the Bithumb attack; I’m hoping that blockchain forensic science around cryptocurrency is developing capabilities to track these thefts more effectively.

Ripple News

Recently on June 4rth, Ripple formally unveiled their University Blockchain Research Initiative, or UBRI for short.  It’s purpose is to fund blockchain technology education, research, and other initiatives at various secondary learning institutions.6

One article recently posted on Nasdaq described some specifics around one particular grant – the $2 million dollars that was given by Ripple to the University of Texas, Austin.   According to the article, the donation by Ripple will be used to:7

“...foster research on blockchain technology's potential across several disciplines such as business, engineering and law. “

The article went on to quote Cesare Fracassi, a McCombs associate professor of finance – and the blockchain initiative’s director, on why the donation was key for his program:

"Demand for blockchain learning, research and project-based experience is at an all-time high among university faculty and students, and this gift will go a long way in fulfilling that demand,"

One important thing to note about the donation to UT-Austin; it’s one of 17 colleges that have already been chosen to receive part of Ripple’s $50 million dollar grant.  Investing in higher education is a strategic decision by Ripple that shows foresight by the Silicon Valley company;  its generosity is acting as a positive influence for promoting cutting-edge research in both Western and Eastern educational institutions.

Raconteur Coverage of Ripple

On June 21st, The Times, a British newspaper included a 24 page supplement on cryptocurrencies, along with a case study that zeroed in on Ripple’s product line.  It was a five-paragraph synopsis of Ripple, but quite accurate and powerful in the way that it conveyed Ripple’s value proposition for improving speed and accuracy of payments.

Particularly exciting for the XRP community was the specific mention of how XRP could be used to tie together international payments.  One of their quotes included this statement:8

“What typically took days in the past is now accomplished in four seconds.”

Bravo to The Times for this accurate mainstream media coverage.   It’s encouraging to know that the message about how extraordinary Ripple technology is, as well as what it can do using XRP, is starting to find its way to high-profile news outlets.

BBVA Mention of Ripple Cost Savings

Several news outlets recently posted electrifying news about how much Ripple technology is saving Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (BBVA).   The Spanish bank is using Ripple technology for a small group of its corporate customers, allowing them to pay overseas suppliers.

Prior to implementing Ripple technology, the payments used to take up to four days to clear.  In addition, the bank indicated several benefits:  23

  • The Ripple-processed payments cost 81 percent less than the correspondence network (SWIFT)
  • The companies can track their payments
  • The companies know up-front how much it will cost to complete the transfer

In the crypto market, there are always doubters, but when real businesses experience the cost savings and benefits mentioned in the article, it's a resounding endorsemnt of what Ripple technology can do to save them money.

Asheesh Birla at Blockchain Week in Boston

A recent video showed a presentation by Asheesh Birla, Ripple’s Senior Vice President of Product, given during the (Off) The Chain Summit in Boston on April 26th of this year.   It’s exciting to note that some of the examples that Asheesh Birla uses are from some name-brand Internet companies.

In one instance, he states of Uber:

“There is zero tolerance for delays.   We heard in one case that if Uber misses a driver payment, and a driver calls in, they don’t bother tracking it; they just submit another payment.  There is no way for them to understand where a payment went cross-border. And that’s a big problem for them.”

He also provided edge-of-your-seat examples from Audi (micropayments reference) and Amazon (custom-built payments infrastructure).   In addition, Asheesh talked about how banks’ global footprint is starting to shrink when it comes to international payments, while large corporates are expanding their capabilities.

For me, however, the best part of the video was near the end when he described how each of the three major Ripple product offerings fit into the overall technology architecture stack of moving value.  I highly recommend this video as it provides a great introductory, yet comprehensive perspective on the various Ripple technology components and how they address different needs.

Danny Aranda at MJAC Blockchain Summit and the Internet of Value

The MJAC is a series of conferences on disruptive technologies, and on June 13th it conducted a summit in London on Blockchain and the Internet of Value (IOV).  24   25

Danny Aranda took the stage and was interviewed about an assortment of topics that were payments technology-related, as well as fielding questions on how XRP is used within Ripple's product offerings:

One of my favorite moments in the video was where the interviewer compared Ripple and blockchain technology to Red Hat and Linux.  Danny Aranda waxed philosophical, and responded with:

"We're building solutions on a protocol. So think about Google on top of the Internet.   We're building software serivces that make the underlying protocol usable, for functional economic use cases."

I immediately understood Danny Aranda's reference, because it's one that's been made consistently by other members of the Ripple team as well.   The Interledger Protocol exists independent of Ripple or XRP, and can be used to link together any cryptocurrency network or distributed ledger to any other ledger.   In fact, both Bitcoin and Ethereum have ILP plugins available.

It was a concise and intuitive concept that should serve to drive home the point with many listeners.

New Blog from David Schwartz

David Schwartz

A timely blog was recently written and published by David Schwartz, the Chief Cryptographer of Ripple.  The title was “Censorship and Censorship Resistance,” a heady topic when it comes to cryptographic networks.  In it, he focuses on discriminatory treatment of transactions within proof-of-work systems like Bitcoin, and then compares it to Consensus models like the one underpinning XRP.

Here is one excerpt:9

“...This permits the XRP Ledger to target use cases sensitive to soft censorship, use cases that PoW-based systems like bitcoin and Ethereum are far less suited for. This includes the XRP Ledger’s decentralized exchange.”

I don’t want to reveal too much; if you are curious about the way he defines ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ censorship, or would like to see his opinion on how exchanges can be adversely impacted, you’ll have to read more here: Censorship and Censorship Resistance

Ripple is Hiring

One of the tell-tale signs of progress for a business is the need to hire for new positions.   In some cases, as an organization expands and grows, roles that used to be combined are separated and become silo’d positions.   It’s a general rule, and it’s apparent that Ripple is experiencing this type of rapid growth.  One XRP Community member noted this in a tweet recently:10

Ripple Positions Tweet

If you look at most of the other listings on the referenced website you’ll see that very few blockchain companies are advertising anywhere near that level of positions. 11 Ripple is growing, and fast.

XRP News

The new XRP Symbol can now be seen representing XRP at most of the major exchanges and websites, but there is still some work left to be done.  Various community members like @kieranmlkelly (Twitter handle) have been politely reminding exchanges of the new symbol.

These efforts have yeilded some tangible results, but there is still progress to be made.  For example, even though Coinmarketcap lists the new updated symbol, the site still lists “Ripple” next to the symbol, which is misleading: 12

Coin Market Cap XRP Symbol Mix-up

'Ripple' is not the name of the cryptocurrency, and should be considered separate and distinct from XRP the decentralized cryptocurrency.

Coinmarketcap is just one site, but it’s a very high-profile example of this miss-labeling.   Whether intentional or incidental, the XRP Community should apply pressure to any site or exchange that still incorrectly confuses the company with the cryptocurrency.   Ripple, the company, is just one of many users and businesses that make use of XRP.

Recommended UNL Decentralization Progress

While the XRP Ledger is decentralized, Ripple provides a ‘recommended Unique Node List’ (UNL for short) for developers when they download the Rippled code from Github.  This ‘recommendation,’ while completely voluntary for validator owners, has historically been a source of criticism for the XRP Ledger.  The reason is that, until now, Ripple was responsible for maintaining and operating all of the validators on its recommended list.

Some “proof-of-work” purists, for example, claim that this is evidence of a certain type of centralization, despite the fact that validator owners can choose to trust any set of validators that they wish.

To address this criticism, Ripple indicated that they would take further steps to decentralize the recommended UNL.

In May of 2017, Ripple published their preliminary plan to pursue full decentralization of the “Recommended UNL” that is listed in the Github repository for Rippled.  13   The high-level goals and end-states were clear, and divided into two components:

1. Diversify validators on the XRP Ledger
2. Add attested validators to the recommended Unique Node Lists (UNLs)

In October of 2017, Ripple provided more details about the plan, and at the same time various stakeholders added over seventy new validators to the network topology. 14

The next phase of the plan was then described in detail by Ripple and included a strategy that would result in complete decentralization of the recommended UNL: For every two third-party validators, Ripple will remove a Ripple-controlled validator from the recommended UNL.

And now it appears that the first two non-Ripple validators have been added to the recommended UNL:15

Rabbits tweet about addtional attested validators

This first step of adding two new attested validators to the recommended UNL and then removing one Ripple validator from the list is exactly what Ripple promised, and it’s only the beginning.  It looks like 2018 is truly going to be the “Year of Decentralization” that was mentioned by Warren Paul Anderson near the end of 2017. 16

Exchange News

A new Chinese exchange is opening called FCOIN.  In addition to being a Chinese exchange, the other noteworthy point is that it was founded by Zhang Jian, the former CTO of Huobi.17

The exchange will have two separate “zones” for traders:
1. Mainstream
2. Innovation

The “Mainstream” zone will offer trading of high-volume cryptocurrencies such as XRP starting on June 21st.   The “Innovation” zone will feature higher-volatility cryptocurrencies starting on June 20th.

It’s exciting to note that Zhang Jian’s former exchange, Huobi, does approximately $520 million in trading per day.   It will be interesting to see how much volume that his new exchange will generate.

DX Exchange Offers Fiat/XRP Trading Pairs

On June 6th, it was announced that DX Exchange would list XRP as a supported currency on its exchange. 18 The move was made after a poll was conducted by DX Exchange on Twitter. 19   The Ethereum World News had this to say about the listing:

“XRP managed to achieve this through a facebook poll conducted by the exchange in a manner that is true to decentralization.  The Ripple facebook community voted overwhelmingly to have their favorite coin listed in the exchange.”

New exchange listings are positive news, and indicate further deepening of international liquidity and reach of XRP.   In addition to listing XRP, DX Exchange recently indicated that they would also list XRP with fiat pairings.   This was communicated by the CEO of DX Exchange over a session on Telegram to fans, among whom was an XRP Community member, @C3_Nik, who was taking notes.   He managed to capture this much from the Telegram session:

"Definitely XRP/BTC and ETH and most likely EURO and USD (on launch day)"

The tentative launch date for XRP on DX Exchange is July 25th, but it is rumored that they will run a small beta trial for XRP trading before then with a selected group of people.

The reason that fiat pairings are better than pairings against BTC or Ethereum is that it simplifies the number of steps for crypto investors that are aiming to purchase XRP.  Instead of having to buy Bitcoin or Ethereum first, they can directly purchase XRP with their fiat-credited trade accounts.

Edge Wallet Adds XRP

On June 21st, the Edge Wallet added support for XRP to its wallet.   This was disclosed in Edge’s blog on the corporate website:20

“Edge users will now be able to secure, send, and receive Ripple(XRP) ...”

While there are a number of popular XRP wallets, it’s great that additional crypto wallet providers like Edge are acknowledging the overwhelming market demand by their customers and adding support for XRP.

Use XRP to Send Encrypted Messages

@WietseWind, one of the most prolific architects of XRP Ledger applications, has created a new program that is currently still under construction. It's a messaging tool that can enable peer-to-peer encrypted communication using the XRP Ledger: 25

WietseWinds Tweet

The application he's building is planned to be able to support sending encrypted messages to and from XRP accounts for: 26

"only a few drops, with the possibility to add extra XRP as payment."

You may be wondering what the context for the application might be; for now it offers completely encrypted communication via usage of the XRP Ledger's native capabilities, and the messages are real-time; they will be transmitted and received as fast as the XRP Ledger settles - in under four seconds.   I imagine that this technique might be used by Ripple or Coil or even a third party application to facilitate communication of financial information somehow associated with the XRPL.

It is yet one more incredible application developed by the XRP Community, thanks to Wietse Wind's efforts.

Codius News

On June 19th, a company based in Boulder, Colorado issued a press release that indicated they were offering Codius hosting.   This was an exciting announcement that follows closely on the heels of other announcements about Codius, Ripple’s smart contract platform.  The company’s name is Cryptanite, and it’s CTO, Henry Duong, had this to say:21

“Our goal is to support the development of the blockchain ecosystem, and to provide reliable Codius hosting that makes it easier than ever for individuals and companies to benefit from blockchain technology.”

If you’re interested in the company’s background: They state that they created - and currently maintain - the “Cryptanite Wallet” which is designed to allow users to buy and store more than fifteen cryptocurrencies – including XRP.   It’s great to see a company who has previously committed to supporting the XRP ecosystem also dip its toes into the Codius hosting business.

IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT CRYPTANITE: Neither I nor my XRP Community contacts have any knowledge of this company personally, so please do your due diligence before using their wallet or hosting service. I remain positive about all new Codius businesses, but it's best to investigate a company whose product you're using before committing any resources.

Stefan Thomas – and WietseWind – Mentioned in Fortune Magazine

When mainstream press report on XRP or its surrounding ecosystem, its a noteworthy occurrence.  While many cryptocurrency-specific news outlets cover details of the crypto market and its top influencers, news outlets like Fortune cater to a much wider audience.

On June 6th, Fortune released an article that provided details about Stefan Thomas, Ripple’s former CTO and founder of Coil, along with information about his new venture and its high-profile smart contracts platform, Codius.   Stefan Thomas had this to say:22

“In the same way that cloud computing made web hosting more accessible, Codius will make experimentation on the blockchain more widely available because people won’t need to build from scratch.”

The article also went on to note that Codius has two early users: Telindus, a large Telecom based in Luxembourg, and Wietse Wind, a developer based in the Netherlands.  If you’re a new member of the XRP Community, this is noteworthy, because @wietsewind is one of the foremost independent developers that work with the XRP Ledger and Codius, and has built numerous highly-used social applications and websites - including the website that you're currently visiting!

Congratulations to both Stefan Thomas, the Coil team, and WietseWind for their significant media coverage in this article.

Stefan Thomas at Tech Open Air

Continuing in the vein of Codius and Coil, @BankXRP (Twitter handle) recently posted a video on YouTube of Stefan Thomas giving a presentation about the potential of what Coil could provide when it comes to web monetization, micropayments, and Codius:

From my perspective, every artist and creative content manager should be on the edge of their seat listening to this presenation; the ‘creative class’ among us has watched as their income streams are co-opted by large corporates or other ‘gateway keeper’ Internet companies that have a monopolistic advantage on reaching large audiences.

With web monetization, artists have an opportunity to change all of that, and Coil is at the forefront of this movement.

Chart Your Course with XRP

The future path of digital assets holds many unknowns.

Coil is creating a platform for web monetization and Codius applications that could result in a beehive of viral applications.   It could also completely transform Internet content delivery into a type of medium where artists and creators truly thrive and are rewarded for their work in a meaningful way.

By contrast, Ripple is targeting remittance processors and banks.

What will be the effect on demand for XRP?   You’ll need to estimate this on your own, but let me point out a few things:

The use case for cross-border value transfer for banks and nostro accounts is measured in numbers that are are difficult for most human minds to conceptualize: trillions and quadrillions.   Remember that Ripple is laser-focused on dominating the market for both cross-border and domestic payments.

And Coil?

Micropayments provides a vast sea of unknown future possibilities, with turbulent waters roiling with limitless potential.   They will need a digital asset that can support tens of thousands of transactions per second.  And which cryptocurrency network supports native payment channels that can scale to transaction levels far beyond VISA?   That’s right: XRP.

XRP Symbol

The future may be difficult for some to imagine, but the companies that are positioned to champion XRP’s use are the best bet for charting a course through the creative chaos.

Sources:

  1. https://technode.com/2018/06/21/techcrunch-hangzhou-blockchain-speakers
  2. https://cointelegraph.com/news/bithumb-details-still-sketchy-after-30-mln-hack
  3. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2018/06/19/major-cryptocurrency-exchange-bithumb-halts-trading-after-more-than-31-million-hack/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.ae3f752302e5
  4. https://www.forbes.com/sites/cbovaird/2018/06/20/bitcoin-marches-on-following-bithumb-hack/#66029a411874
  5. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-08/japan-expands-cryptocurrency-crackdown-after-coincheck-hack
  6. https://ripple.com/insights/ripple-introduces-the-university-blockchain-research-initiative/
  7. https://www.nasdaq.com/article/ripples-50-million-fund-brings-blockchain-studies-to-higher-education-cm979728
  8. https://raconteur.uberflip.com/i/996176-cryptocurrencies-2018-special-report/0?m4=
  9. https://gigabitether.net/2018/06/19/censorship-and-censorship-resistance/amp/
  10. https://twitter.com/moveValuefast/status/1009899391614889987
  11. https://jobs.dcg.co/
  12. https://coinmarketcap.com/
  13. https://ripple.com/insights/how-we-are-further-decentralizing-the-ripple-consensus-ledger-rcl-to-bolster-robustness-for-enterprise-use/
  14. https://xrpcharts.ripple.com/#/topology
  15. https://twitter.com/RabbitKickClub/status/1009920090626838530
  16. https://youtu.be/Hf5dRx4-lv8
  17. https://bcfocus.com/news/ripple-xrp-and-7-other-cryptos-on-fcoins-listing-plans-for-the-week/15755/
  18. https://ethereumworldnews.com/ripple-xrp-to-gain-further-liquidity-with-listing-on-nasdaq-powered-dx-exchange/
  19. https://twitter.com/DXdotExchange/status/1003584830708297728
  20. https://blog.edgesecure.co/edge-wallet-development-update-22733ab12f9f
  21. https://www.fscwire.com/newsrelease/cryptanite-partners-codius-blockchain-hosting-capability
  22. http://fortune.com/2018/06/06/ripple-codius/
  23. https://www.pymnts.com/news/payment-methods/2018/bbva-selfie-payments-beeva-i4s/
  24. https://twitter.com/mjac2018
  25. https://mjac.io/
  26. https://twitter.com/WietseWind/status/1010177041143140352
  27. https://www.reddit.com/r/Ripple/comments/8t2vm9/encrypted_secure_messaging_using_the_xrp_ledger/

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Hodor

Hodor

I blog about Ripple & XRP. FULL DISCLOSURE: All views are my own. I do not work for Ripple; I am not a professional financial analyst, and the majority of my crypto holdings are XRP.

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